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Critical Health Concerns

Global Medical Research.org members are particularly focused on those critical diseases that are the leading causes of early mortality in the world. We follow the WHO – World Health Organization’s data and predictions of what are the most challenging diseases predicted for 2032. In combination with the international outlook, we also follow the United States Center for Disease Control.

FUTURE TRENDS IN GLOBAL MORTALITY FOR 2032. 

No. Cause or Injury Percent of all deaths

  1. Ischaemic heart disease 14.2
  2. Cerebrovascular disease 12.1
  3. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 8.6
  4. Lower respiratory infections 3.8
  5. Road traffic accidents (n/a) 3.6
  6. Trachea, bronchus, lung cancers 3.4
  7. Diabetes mellitus 3.3
  8. Hypertensive heart disease 2.1
  9. Stomach cancer 1.9
  10. HIV/AIDS 1.8
  11. Nephritis and nephrosis 1.6
  12. Self-inflicted injuries (n/a) 1.5
  13. Liver cancer 1.4
  14. Colon and recum cancers 1.4
  15. Oesophagus cancer 1.3
  16. Violence 1.2
  17. Alzheimer and other dementias 1.2
  18. Cirrhosis of the liver 1.2
  19. Breast cancer 1.1
  20. Tuberculosis 1.0
  21.  Neonatal infections and other 1.0
  22. Prematurity and low birth weight 0.9
  23. Diarrhoeal diseases 0.9

Fifteen Leading Causes of Death in the United States of America 2011 ( All causes – 2,512,873)

  1. Diseases of heart – 596,339 deaths
  2. Malignant neoplasms -575,313
  3. Chronic lower respiratory diseases – 143,382
  4. Cerebrovascular diseases – 128,931
  5. Accidents (unintentional injuries) – 122,777
  6. Alzheimer’s disease – 84,691
  7. Diabetes mellitus – 73,282
  8. Influenza and pneumonia – 53,667
  9. Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis -45,731
  10. Intentional Self Harm – Suicide -38,285
  11. Septicemia – 35,539
  12. Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis – 33,539
  13. Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease -27,477
  14. Parkinson’s disease -23,107
  15.  Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids -18,090
  16. All other causes – 512,723

CHRONIC DISEASES THAT ARE THE MAJOR CAUSE OF DEATH AND DISABILITY WORLDWIDE

Heart disease
There are many forms of heart disease. Coronary
heart disease, also known as coronary artery disease
or ischaemic heart disease, is the leading cause of
death globally. It is caused by disease of the blood
vessels (atherosclerosis) of the heart.

Stroke
Stroke is a disease of the brain caused by interference to
the blood supply. Stroke and heart disease are the main
cardiovascular diseases.

Cancer
Cancer describes a range of diseases in which abnormal
cells proliferate and spread out of control. Other terms used
are tumours and neoplasms. There are many types of cancer
and all organs of the body can become cancerous.

Chronic respiratory diseases
Diseases of the lung take many forms. Chronic obstructive
respiratory disease and asthma are the most common forms.
Chronic obstructive respiratory disease is caused by irreversible
obstruction of the larger airways in the lung; asthma is caused
by reversible obstruction of the smaller airways in the lung.

Diabetes
Diabetes is characterized by raised blood glucose (sugar)
levels. This results from a lack of the hormone insulin,
which controls blood glucose levels, and/or an inability of
the body’s tissues to respond properly to insulin. The most
common type of diabetes is type 2, which accounts for about
90% of all diabetes and is largely the result of excessive
weight and physical inactivity. The usual childhood form of
diabetes (type 1 diabetes) is caused by an absolute lack of
insulin. Without insulin, type 1 diabetes is rapidly fatal.

 

References:

World Health Organization. (2005). What is the deadliest disease in the world? Retrieved August 1, 2008, from http://www.who.int/features/qa/18/en/

World Health Organization. (2005). Chronic disease and their common risk factors. Retrieved August 1, 2008, from http://www.who.int/chp/chronic_disease_report/media/Factsheet1.pdf

World Health Organization. (2008). World Health Statistics 2008. (Page 29). Retrieved August 1, 2008, from http://www.who.int/whosis/whostat/EN_WHS08_Full.pdf.

Centers for Disease Control (2013).  Retrieved January 23, 2013 from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_06.pdf